Teaching and Learning
The emergence of blended learning (the integrated use of digital and physical spaces) over the past few years has provided opportunities to consider new pedagogical models which make effective use of our digital and physical experiences.
How can we make the face-to-face time with our students as valuable as possible?
This is a question that the flipped classroom model is hoping to answer. Although this approach may not be entirely new, the formal emergence of it as a pedagogical model is attributed to Aaron Sams and Jon Bergmann. These two High School chemistry teachers delivered their entire curriculum with this model and saw improvements in both student attainment and engagement.
The flipped classroom model is now frequently being used in higher education institutions as a model to improve both the staff and student experience, as well as increased student engagement. The model is designed to increase student participation in their learning and to allow academic staff to focus more on depth of learning than on direct information giving.
The flipped classroom is a pedagogic model in which the taught (instructional) content and the homework elements are “flipped”. So, what might normally be taught in a lecture is actually accessed by students during their self directed study time, and what would normally be “homework” or student centred learning activities actually form the basis for the face-to-face taught session.
The flipped classroom requires that materials and resources are made available to students prior to the taught session and that the face-to-face session is used to deepen understanding or to broaden the learning. This doesn't mean that you would record a one hour lecture for students to access, but that you might prepare a number resources to reflect the content of the lecture. This may include short (10 minute) videos, case studies, readings or simulations.
The model works most effectively where it is applied across a whole module or course.
There are a wide range of tools available to support the flipped classroom experience. The sites and systems listed below are supported by the University.
Panopto is the Leeds Beckett University session capture software. The software is available to all staff on their office computers and within teaching spaces. The software can capture powerpoint slides, audio recordings, webcam recordings, and the computer screen. This technology allows staff to make recordings at their desk such as voice-ed over presentations or screen recordings of software demonstrations to then share with students through MyBeckett to support the flipped classroom model. The system can also be used to record lectures that students can revisit at a later date or that staff can use to support learning in future years.
Information about accessing the system and how to share recordings with students can be found here https://www.leedsbeckett.ac.uk/staffsite/services/it-services/it-help/teaching-spaces/ . The system is supported and managed by IT services.
YouTube is a free video streaming service available by using existing Leeds Beckett Google log in details. The site contains millions of videos uploaded by people from across the world. The site can be used in two ways to support the flipped learning model. Firstly, staff can use existing videos such as TED talks for students to watch and support their learning. Staff can create playlists of videos around specific topics or for specific modules so that the students can find all the videos in one place, these playlists and videos can be embedded within MyBeckett. The guide on how to embed can be found on the MyBeckett help site listed in the Resources and Support section of this guide. Additionally, staff can chose to upload their own videos to the system and include these in the playlists. The videos can be kept as unlisted so that the video cannot be found through a simple search. More information about using YouTube can be found here: https://support.google.com/youtube/?hl=en-GB#topic=4355266.
MyBeckettMyBeckett is the University's Virtual Learning Environment. It can be used in a wide variety of ways to support learning and the flipped model. Its most basic use is to provide a single source of information for students about their module. This could be links to Panopto recordings, Youtube videos or papers in the library that are held in other sites. This information should be set out to enable the students to progress through and understand what is relevant to each topic or week . In addition to this, MyBeckett has a number of tools that can provide engaging content outside the classroom including tests, blogs and discussion boards. These tools allow staff to see the student engagement with a module and resource prior to the face-to-face session. MyBeckett can provide the space to use multiple tools and resources to create an interactive and multimedia resource for students and enable staff to deliver a flipped learning experience. MyBeckett can be accessed by all staff and students on a wide variety of platforms and devices. Guides on how to access and use the wide variety of tools available can be found on the Learning Systems help site here:
This section provides examples and case studies of flipped classrooms in action. The case studies are from institutions across the UK and cover a range of disciplines.
This video from Manchester Metropolitan University provides information on the experience of an academic teaching film studies. He explains his experience and the tools he has used together to deliver a flipped learning experience.
Two pieces about how an academic teaching chemistry at Ohio University flipped his classroom, the structure of his lessons and some student comments.
The thoughts of two US high school teachers on flipping the classroom, the tools they used and why they thought it worked in their situation.
To gather resources and support for flipping your teaching you can read some of the guides below and watch the videos.
This a community sharing information and practice about flipped classroom teaching. Below is their short guide to flipped learning and the four pillars they use to set up a flipped learning experience.
The library guide on copyright and where to get help and support on copyrighted material.
The Learning Systems guide on how to embed a video within a MyBeckett module.
Resources and links about flipped learning, including exemplars.
This presentation from Kingston University looks at how a partially flipped classroom was used to teach Mathematics.
Centre for Learning and Teaching
Page last updated: 28/04/2020